, and chapels with copies of Mein Kampf and the swastika. "Nevertheless, the available evidence suggests that, on the whole, ordinary Germans did not approve. Theory and Practice of Leadership. Historian Richard Overy describes it as being somewhere in between the command economy of the Soviet Union and the capitalist system of the United States. The banned Communist and Social Democratic parties set up resistance networks in the mid-1930s. Deutsche militärische Verluste im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Perfunctory efforts were made to curb air pollution, but little enforcement of existing legislation was undertaken once the war began. Nazi ideology brought together elements of antisemitism, racial hygiene, and eugenics, and combined them with pan-Germanism and territorial expansionism with the goal of obtaining more Lebensraum for the Germanic people. Cambridge; Oxford: Cambridge University Press. Background Further information: Adolf Hitler's rise to power Germany was known as the Weimar Republic during the years 1919 to 1933. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. The History of the German Resistance. Yearbook of European Studies. They promised to strengthen the economy and provide jobs. Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia.